Adding Transcripts to a YouTube Video

I uploaded a presentation I recorded in the first quarter of the Seattle University Web Development Certificate titled “The WordPress Switch to JavaScript.”

I went into the closed captioning settings to view the transcript of the video where I noticed there were a lot of errors and YouTube does not know how to put periods or question marks at the end of sentences.

There were more errors than I expected and it did take quite a bit of work to correct all the errors and add all the periods. It doesn’t seem to understand brand names very well such as Angular or WordPress so you usually have to fix those errors. Some of the errors are hilarious like mistaking “pull requests” with “poetry class.”

I am not too surprised that there were so many errors. On one hand I thought that Google would have better transcription technology because they do transcription a lot with Android’s voice commands. However, it is a difficult problem for computers to understand language and I’m sure it will get better.

Accessibility Report: AngelList

For this accessibility report, I evaluated the website AngelList at is an information directory of startups in different cities like Seattle and San Francisco. Individual company pages feature information on founders, employees, and investors. Some startups also have a jobs page that feature open positions.


The website was evaluated based on the Section 508 standard for accessibility, including the technical requirements for Web based intranet and Internet information and applications(1194.22).

1194.22 (a) A text equivalent for every non-text element shall be provided (e.g., via “alt”, “longdesc”, or in element content).

Requirement met? Yes
The website does a nice job of providing alt tags to describe images on their pages.


1194.22 (b) Equivalent alternatives for any multimedia presentation shall be synchronized with the presentation.

Requirement met? Yes
Companies are able to post YouTube videos on their company page and closed captioning was available.


1194.22 (c) Web pages shall be designed so that all information conveyed with color is also available without color, for example from context or markup.

Requirement met? Yes
Hyperlinks display an underline when hovered over and buttons have a clear shape to indicate a clickable link.


1194.22 (d) Documents shall be organized so they are readable without requiring an associated style sheet.

Requirement met? Yes
Yes, pages are readable with CSS styles disabled with Chrome’s developer tools extension.


1194.22 (e) Redundant text links shall be provided for each active region of a server-side image map.

Not applicable.

1194.22 (f) Client-side image maps shall be provided instead of server-side image maps except where the regions cannot be defined with an available geometric shape.

Not applicable.

1194.22 (g) Row and column headers shall be identified for data tables.

Requirement met? No
Some tables do not include

tags to indicate a column header.


1194.22 (h) Markup shall be used to associate data cells and header cells for data tables that have two or more logical levels of row or column headers.

Requirement met? Yes

No multi-level tables were found on the website.

1194.22 (i) Frames shall be titled with text that facilitates frame identification and navigation.

Requirement met? Yes
Frames are not used in the HTML of the pages.

1194.22 (j) Pages shall be designed to avoid causing the screen to flicker with a frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz.

Requirement met? Yes
There is no detectable flicker during page load.

1194.22 (k) A text-only page, with equivalent information or functionality, shall be provided to make a web site comply with the provisions of this part, when compliance cannot be accomplished in any other way. The content of the text-only page shall be updated whenever the primary page changes.

Requirement met? No
A link to an alternative text-only page is not found on the site’s webpages.


The tables on the city pages could be made more accessible with the addition of table HTML tags. Also, there is no way to view a text-only version of any webpage. Otherwise, AngelList does a good job of making their site accessible based on the Section 508 standard.

Mobile Usability Test: EdX

For the mobile usability test I chose to review the mobile application for


Edx is a MOOC or massively open online course website that aggregates courses from schools like Harvard and UC Berkeley and provides the course in an online format for free with an optional paid certificate. There are several courses on computer science and web development.

Demographic tested: Men and women aged 32-60.

Test subjects were asked to perform the following tasks while verbalizing their thoughts.

1. Sign up for a Edx account

2. Browse at least two computer science courses

3. Enroll is one computer science class

4. Watch a video lecture or read some course text

Test Results

Task 1:

Testers had no difficulty signing up for an account on a mobile device. The site presented a simple and intuitive options for signing up for an account including signing up with social accounts like Facebook. The form inputs were optimized for mobile devices. Once the testers were finished submitting their information they were presented with a message stating “You’re almost there!” that asks the user to check their email to confirm their account as the final step before enrolling in courses. This caused some confusion because you don’t have to check your email before enrolling in courses. Also it can be cumbersome to have to navigate away from the site to check your email before continuing.

Task 2:

Testers had no difficulty browsing computer science courses on the site. One tester scrolled through all the featured course previews on the main page instead of navigating to the computer science category, filtering, or searching.

Task 3:

Testers had no difficulty enrolling in a course and quickly found the “Enroll Now” button on each course description page. Once the tester enrolled in a course and navigated to the home dashboard or “My Courses” page the page was not optimized for mobile. The dashboard page does not fit the mobile screen so the user has to scroll right to see all the information.

Task 4:

One tester had difficulty watching a course video because after they navigated to the course page they could not find the link to the lectures. After several minutes they finally found a link at the top navigation of the course page titled “Course” which led to the course lecture videos.

Analysis and Suggestions

The course page provides a lot of useful information in bite sized chunks like a video introduction, the course description, frequently asked questions, and student reviews. The breadcrumbs provide a sense of location within the website.


Further down the page there is a terrific table that provides the most important information like price and difficulty in a scannable format.


Additionally when I play a video from the course, it automatically redirects me to my YouTube app on my phone. I was surprised that I was taken away from the website and it would have been nice if I received a warning or option to watch the video at the website.


The message at the end of the sign up process stating “You’re almost there!” and asking the user to confirm their email can cause confusion. It is not clear whether this step is actually required because testers were able to continue and enroll in courses. This step can also cause unnecessary difficulty for someone using a mobile device since it is more difficult to check their email and then return to the site.

After users have signed up for a course and navigate to the “My Courses” page they are presented with a dashboard page where the content does not fit the screen. Optimizing the dashboard page for mobile can improve usability of the app.


Once a user has enrolled in a course and navigated to the course page it is not obvious how to view the course material like video lectures. There is a small text link titled “Course” at the top of the page but it is easy to miss. This can be made more obvious and an additional button link can be added to the page body to improve usability of users attempting to view the course material.

Usability Test: Udacity

The website I chose for this report is which provides web development and computer science courses.


Test subjects were asked to perform the following four tasks while verbalizing their thoughts.

1. Show me how you would sign up for an account

2. Enroll in the free “Front End Frameworks” course

3. Watch a video lecture (you don’t have to watch the entire video)

4. Navigate to the home dashboard that displays your progress in your courses

Test purpose: To determine if new users can get started with Udacity courses without difficulty.

Test methods: Record screencasts of test subjects.

Test number and demographics: 3 individuals in the 20-60 age range.


Task1: Show me how you would sign up for an account

The user had no problem finding the link at the top named “Sign Up.” There were only four fields so it was very obvious to the user that they had to input a first name, last name, email, and password. The user did not realize that she could have signed up using Facebook until after she had already signed up for an account.

Task2: Enroll in the free “Front End Frameworks” course

The user struggled initially to find the course titled “Front End Frameworks.” She eventually found a button titled “View Catalog” on the page “My Classroom.” Initially she commented that there were a lot of courses and started scrolling through the list. After a minute she realized she could use the search box and also filter by “Free Courses.”

Task3: Watch a video lecture (you don’t have to watch the entire video)

The first video started playing automatically so she had no trouble starting the first lecture video.

Task4: Navigate to the home dashboard that displays your progress in your courses

The user did not immediately realize how to navigate to the dashboard. She clicked on several links that did not take her to the dashboard such as “Resources” and the navigation menu icon. She finally clicked on “< Front End Frameworks" and it took her to the dashboard that listed courses she was enrolled in.

Next Steps

The user did not realize that she could sign up using Facebook but would have preferred that method rather than using an email and password. Perhaps more prominent text could announce that Facebook login is available.


The user could not immediately find the course “Front End Frameworks” and it took a minute to realize there is a search box at the top and filters on the left. The search box may be easy to miss because of the style of the input box with light colors and thin lines. This looks aesthetically pleasing but may cause users to not see that there is a search box available. A possible A/B test could be to make the search box stand out more and check how users respond.


The user had trouble finding the link to navigate to the dashboard that displays current classes. The user probably would have found it if my task described the dashboard as the homepage because there is a large home icon on the left. So I don’t consider that a problem with the UX. The user may or may not know that the current classes would be on the home page.

More Notes

The home page is focused primarily on getting people interested in the “Nanodegree” and it isn’t until three quarters down the home page that you find information about free courses.


The primary goal seems to be to get visitors to sign up for a nanodegree rather than to enroll in a free course as almost all of the home page content is about nanodegrees.

The about page succinctly describes their mission to bring affordable education to the masses.


When you click on the Nanodegree link on the homepage it brings you to a clean and well-organized page with more information about Nanodegrees in general and links to learn more about specific Nanodegrees.


I like that the content is scannable because it is broken up into small chunks of information. You can quickly learn about the most important points like that you will receive a 50% refund if you graduate within 12 months and you are guaranteed a job within 6 months with the Nanodegree Plus.

Udacity has chosen to make it difficult to learn the fact that the Nanodegree can be taken for free through the free courses. I believe the $199 per month is for support from instructors, a forum, and a certificate of achievement but the curriculum is the same.

This information is hidden and actually on a separate website (Zendesk).


This seems like a business decision to not advertise the free version more clearly but I still like that the curriculum is available for free.

Usable Design Analysis: Surf Incubator

For this usable design analysis I looked at the Surf Incubator website at Surf Incubator is a startup incubator and co-working space in Seattle.

Criteria #1: Are navigational elements clear?

The gray navigation bar at the top of the homepage is obvious and intuitive. It has 7 top level navigation links to important topics like “Tour”, “Cafe”, and “Events.” Some of the navigation links have additional sublinks, which is made obvious by the arrow icon next to the navigation link. The navigation bar has a gray background which contrasts with the white background so it catches the eye of the user.


Criteria #2: Is content presented with clear hierarchies?

Yes, the navigational menu provides clues to the organizational structure of the website’s pages. The drop down menus under the links “Community”, “Events”, and “Join Us” show that there is more information to read about within these categories.

Criteria #3: Do I know what I’m looking at on each page?

There is a heading at the top of each page describing what the page is about.


On the Cafe page, there are two rows of photos of the cafe immediately following the heading. This shows the user what the cafe looks like but you have to scroll down to learn that the cafe is a membership plan where users receive free coffee and can work alongside 160 startup employees. This important information about what the cafe offers may be useful if added right after the heading.

The page title is also highlighted in the navigation menu based on the page the user is currently viewing.

Criteria #4: Can I see there is more content if I scroll down?


The only indicator that there is more content below the fold is when the content is cut off abruptly.

On the Membership Levels page, there is too much white space between the first row and second row of membership levels. This can cause the user to mistakenly think that there is no more additional content lower on the page.


Criteria #5: Do I know where I am in this website?

There are good cues to indicate where the user is on the website such as the large blue headings and the highlighting of the active tab.

There are no breadcrumbs on the site, however they are probably not necessary since the webpages only go two levels deep.

Clicking on the logo in the top left corner will return the user to the home page. The site could add a “Home” link to the navigation menu to provide users another path back to the home page.

Criteria #6: Am I presented with clear, easily understand content blocks?

The content blocks are kept to short paragraphs without any intimidating walls of text.


One thing that could help usability is to use h2 headings above each paragraph to provide a way for users to scan for the information they are looking for. The above example uses headings that are centered and capitalized which is a subtle clue, but the headings could stand out more if they were bolded and a different color.