Accessibility Evaluation

Project:                               Evaluating Accessibility

URL of site Evaluated:

Intended Audience:        Anyone especially from outside the                                                               country of Kiribati seeking information                                                       on climate change and it’s impact on                                                              Kiribati.

Set of Tools Used for the Evaluation

To do the evaluation, after reading up on the many accessibility evaluation tools, I decided to use WAVE, a site/tool that runs the evaluation process for you and spits out results that include the breakdown of the code errors, missing links, contrast errors, and other issues found on the site. All you have to do is plug in the url of the site you want to evaluate in the query box and it will do the rest for you. The image below has more details about WAVE:

WAVE Accessibility Eval tool
WAVE Accessibility Eval tool



I used a combination of manual evaluation and the use of one evaluation tool, WAVE. The usage of these 2 methodologies satisfies the Web Content Accessibilities Guidlines(WCAG) that requires, at a minimum, using a manual and evaluation tool when conducting website accessibility.

Evaluation of Accessibility

The site is an official governmental site of the islands of Kiribati. This issue is one that the inhabitants of its islands are grabbling with as we speak, from tidal waves eating away their lands, depletion of their drinking water supplies as a result of fresh water subsiding into rising sea water levels under water aquifers, and many other effects of climate change.

And so, the site is a resource depot for the outside world. It documents their struggles, efforts to combat their situations, links to similar topics, and everything having to do with climate change.

The goal for this project is to evaluate accessibility, specifically web accessibility for the site Web accessibility “refers to the inclusive practice of removing barriers that prevent interaction with, or access to websites, by people with disabilities. When sites are correctly designed, developed and edited, all users have equal access to information and functionality”, as defined by Wikipedia. Below is a homepage screenshot of site homepage homepage


WAVE is free, with simple terms for usage, and has proven to be a reliable tool as evidenced by the millions of web pages it helped evaluate. You can check it here

My Accessibility Eval Results

Summary of issues

After running the evaluation tool on the site, as indicated in the above image, there are quite a few issues, ranging from code, contrast, styles, missing “alt” elements, and a few others. Below is the summary of evaluation the WAVE tool came up with:

  • 6 Errors
  • 16 Alerts
  • 14 Features
  • 28 Structural Elements
  • 4 HTML5 and ARIA
  • 3 Contrast Errors

To help better illustrate this, take a look at the screenshots above and below:

Contrast Errors

Before running the evaluation tool, I could even tell color scheming is not strong. And as the test results show below, just on the home page itself , there are 2 contrast issues. Browsing throughout the pages, there are other contrast issues, as the pages are mostly white backgrounds with black text, and no consistent color palette is being used effectively on the content.

Issues details

Below is the closer image of the errors/issues.



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